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A Circumstantial Chance

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A Circumstantial Chance

A Circumstantial Chance [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author:
Editor: Archway Publishing
ISBN-10: 1480809098
Size: 685 kb
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A Circumstantial Chance by Book Summary:

Even though Rita knows that life has its ups and downs, she still wishes she could change her circumstances. So far, Fate has left her to live with her grandparents full-time with occasional visits from her mother, Coral, that are never quite enough to quell Rita’s sadness. Rita just wants some semblance of a normal existence, but when her grandmother passes suddenly, she has no idea just how drastically her life is about to change. Now stuck in the care of her once beautiful mother, who has declined into a walking disaster, Rita attempts to sort through her grief and dysfunctional situation, with the help of prayer. In the meantime, Coral moves them from place to place, as she searches for a man she hopes can save them all. When her mother becomes pregnant, Rita mistakenly thinks her prayers have been answered once her baby brother, Toby, arrives in the world. A series of bad choices then causes her family to become homeless and lead a nomadic existence that eventually lands them in Nevada, where Rita is happy that her life seems like it might finally begin to settle down—until the unexpected happens. A Circumstantial Chance is the poignant story of a young girl who must rise above seemingly insurmountable obstacles and find comfort and hope in God’s love and grace

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Cymbeline

Cymbeline [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: William Shakespeare
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN-10: 0141921625
Size: 540 kb
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Cymbeline by William Shakespeare Book Summary:

The King of Britain, enraged by his daughter's disobedience in marrying against his wishes, banishes his new son-in-law. Having fled to Rome, the exiled husband makes a foolish wager with a villain he encounters there - gambling on the fidelity of his abandoned wife. Combining courtly menace and horror, comedy and melodrama, Cymbeline is a moving depiction of two young lovers driven apart by deceit and self-doubt.

Download or read Cymbeline book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The King of Britain, enraged by his daughter's disobedience in marrying against his wishes, banishes his new son-in-law. Having fled to Rome, the exiled husband makes a foolish wager with a villain he encounters there - gambling on the fidelity of his abandoned wife. Combining courtly menace and horror, comedy and melodrama, Cymbeline is a moving depiction of two young lovers driven apart by deceit and self-doubt.


Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change

Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Heiko Narrog
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN-10: 0191613126
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Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change by Heiko Narrog Book Summary:

This book is a cross-linguistic exploration of semantic and functional change in modal markers. Its approach is broadly functional typological but makes frequent reference to work in formal semantics by scholars such as Angelika Kratzer and Paul Portner. The author starts by considering what modality is and how it relates to and differs from subjectivity. He argues that modality cannot be defined in terms of subjectivity: both concepts are independent of each other, the first exhibiting different degrees of subjectivity, and the second being operative in a much wider range of grammatical and lexical categories. Subjectivity, he suggests, should not be defined solely in terms of performativity, evidentiality, or construal, but rather from the interplay of multiple semantic and pragmatic factors. He then presents a two-dimensional model for the descriptive representation of modality, based on the notion that among the many aspects of modal meaning, volitivity and speech-act-orientation versus event-orientation are two of its most salient parameters. He shows that it is especially the dimension of speech-act orientation versus event-orientation, parallel to category climbing in syntax, that is operative in diachronic change. Numerous examples of diachronic change within modality and between modality and other categories are then examined with respect to their directionality. With a focus on Japanese and to a lesser extent Chinese the book is a countercheck to hypotheses built on the Indo-European languages. It also contains numerous illustrations from other languages.

Download or read Modality, Subjectivity, and Semantic Change book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book is a cross-linguistic exploration of semantic and functional change in modal markers. Its approach is broadly functional typological but makes frequent reference to work in formal semantics by scholars such as Angelika Kratzer and Paul Portner. The author starts by considering what modality is and how it relates to and differs from subjectivity. He argues that modality cannot be defined in terms of subjectivity: both concepts are independent of each other, the first exhibiting different degrees of subjectivity, and the second being operative in a much wider range of grammatical and lexical categories. Subjectivity, he suggests, should not be defined solely in terms of performativity, evidentiality, or construal, but rather from the interplay of multiple semantic and pragmatic factors. He then presents a two-dimensional model for the descriptive representation of modality, based on the notion that among the many aspects of modal meaning, volitivity and speech-act-orientation versus event-orientation are two of its most salient parameters. He shows that it is especially the dimension of speech-act orientation versus event-orientation, parallel to category climbing in syntax, that is operative in diachronic change. Numerous examples of diachronic change within modality and between modality and other categories are then examined with respect to their directionality. With a focus on Japanese and to a lesser extent Chinese the book is a countercheck to hypotheses built on the Indo-European languages. It also contains numerous illustrations from other languages.


Layers of Modality

Layers of Modality [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Ana Werkmann Horvat
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN-10: 3110727420
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Layers of Modality by Ana Werkmann Horvat Book Summary:

Much of the literature on modality focuses, at least implicitly, on the occurrence of single modal auxiliaries. However, cross-linguistically, modal auxiliaries can co-occur with one another, but under interesting restrictions. This monograph examines layered modal constructions and the semantic restrictions under which they combine. The main puzzle addressed in the book is the question of ordering restrictions among modal auxiliaries and whether these have any semantic consequences, and finally, what the conceptual rationale is behind these restrictions. Based on the data from Croatian, the central proposal is that modal restrictions depend heavily on both modal force and flavour, and combine according to a hierarchy that can possibly be extended cross-linguistically since it rests on the basis of the conceptual and logical reality of human language. The book also offers an in-depth overview of the literature on layered modal constructions as well as a valuable and extensive set of analyzed data which will be of great interest for researchers interested in verbal systems, modality, and Slavic languages.

Download or read Layers of Modality book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Much of the literature on modality focuses, at least implicitly, on the occurrence of single modal auxiliaries. However, cross-linguistically, modal auxiliaries can co-occur with one another, but under interesting restrictions. This monograph examines layered modal constructions and the semantic restrictions under which they combine. The main puzzle addressed in the book is the question of ordering restrictions among modal auxiliaries and whether these have any semantic consequences, and finally, what the conceptual rationale is behind these restrictions. Based on the data from Croatian, the central proposal is that modal restrictions depend heavily on both modal force and flavour, and combine according to a hierarchy that can possibly be extended cross-linguistically since it rests on the basis of the conceptual and logical reality of human language. The book also offers an in-depth overview of the literature on layered modal constructions as well as a valuable and extensive set of analyzed data which will be of great interest for researchers interested in verbal systems, modality, and Slavic languages.


Covert Modality in Non-finite Contexts

Covert Modality in Non-finite Contexts [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Rajesh Bhatt
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN-10: 3110197340
Size: 576 kb
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Covert Modality in Non-finite Contexts by Rajesh Bhatt Book Summary:

This book investigates the distribution and interpretation of Covert Modality. Covert Modality is modality which we interpret but which is not associated with any lexical item in the structure that we are interpreting. This dissertation investigates a class of environments that involves covert modality. Examples of covert modality include wh-infinitival complements, infinitival relative clauses, purpose clauses, the 'have to' construction, and the 'is to' construction (cf. 1): 1a. Tim knows [how to solve the problem]. ("Tim knows how one/he could/should solve the problem.") 1b. Jane found [a book to draw cartoons in] for Sara. ("Jane found a book for Sara one could/should draw cartoons in.") 1c. [The man to fix the sink] is here. ("The man whose purpose is to fix the sink is here.") 1d. Sue went to Torino [to buy a violin]. ("Sue went to Torino so that she could buy a violin.") 1e. Bill has to reach Philadelphia before noon. ("Bill must reach Philadelphia before noon.") 1f. Will is to leave tomorrow. ("Will is scheduled/supposed to leave tomorrow.") The interpretation of (1a-f) involves modality; however, there is no lexical item that seems to be the source of the modality. What (1a-f) have in common is that they involve infinitivals. This book addresses the following questions about covert modality: what is the source of this modality, what are its semantic properties, why are some but not all infinitival relatives modal, and why are all infinitival questions modal? The infinitival [+wh] Complementizer is identified as the source of the covert modality. The apparent variability of the force of this modality is related to the particular semantics of this Complementizer. Infinitival relatives that receive a non-modal interpretation are analyzed as being reduced relatives and thus not involving the infinitival [+wh] Complementizer.

Download or read Covert Modality in Non-finite Contexts book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book investigates the distribution and interpretation of Covert Modality. Covert Modality is modality which we interpret but which is not associated with any lexical item in the structure that we are interpreting. This dissertation investigates a class of environments that involves covert modality. Examples of covert modality include wh-infinitival complements, infinitival relative clauses, purpose clauses, the 'have to' construction, and the 'is to' construction (cf. 1): 1a. Tim knows [how to solve the problem]. ("Tim knows how one/he could/should solve the problem.") 1b. Jane found [a book to draw cartoons in] for Sara. ("Jane found a book for Sara one could/should draw cartoons in.") 1c. [The man to fix the sink] is here. ("The man whose purpose is to fix the sink is here.") 1d. Sue went to Torino [to buy a violin]. ("Sue went to Torino so that she could buy a violin.") 1e. Bill has to reach Philadelphia before noon. ("Bill must reach Philadelphia before noon.") 1f. Will is to leave tomorrow. ("Will is scheduled/supposed to leave tomorrow.") The interpretation of (1a-f) involves modality; however, there is no lexical item that seems to be the source of the modality. What (1a-f) have in common is that they involve infinitivals. This book addresses the following questions about covert modality: what is the source of this modality, what are its semantic properties, why are some but not all infinitival relatives modal, and why are all infinitival questions modal? The infinitival [+wh] Complementizer is identified as the source of the covert modality. The apparent variability of the force of this modality is related to the particular semantics of this Complementizer. Infinitival relatives that receive a non-modal interpretation are analyzed as being reduced relatives and thus not involving the infinitival [+wh] Complementizer.


Gyra Golf

Gyra Golf [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Dr. Izzy Justice
Editor: iUniverse
ISBN-10: 1663200572
Size: 317 kb
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Gyra Golf by Dr. Izzy Justice Book Summary:

Golf has 3 competitors – other players, the course, and yourself. Leaderboards measure how you performed against others; score against Par measures how you performed against the course. The GYRA Mental Scorecard allows you to measure your performance against your primary competitor – yourself - per shot, per hole. This is a game-changer. “You may never play golf the same way if you start measuring your mental performance on the golf course.” Gary Player, World Golf Hall of Fame “With the introduction of the GYRA Mental Scorecard, you are now able to track your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors to be able to better yourself for future situations.” Jason Gore, Player Relations, USGA “GYRA tools have given me the skills to manage my emotions and thoughts throughout the up’s and down’s of tournament golf.” Seamus Power, Olympian, PGA Tour Player “I have been coaching college golf for 20 years. The difference between a good vs great player is usually their mental approach to the game. The idea of having a scorecard for golfers to describe and track what is happening in their mind is groundbreaking.” Tim Straub, Davidson College “This book should be required curriculum for golf academies, teaching professionals, caddies, and players.” David Ross PGA Lifetime Member, Ross Academy

Download or read Gyra Golf book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Golf has 3 competitors – other players, the course, and yourself. Leaderboards measure how you performed against others; score against Par measures how you performed against the course. The GYRA Mental Scorecard allows you to measure your performance against your primary competitor – yourself - per shot, per hole. This is a game-changer. “You may never play golf the same way if you start measuring your mental performance on the golf course.” Gary Player, World Golf Hall of Fame “With the introduction of the GYRA Mental Scorecard, you are now able to track your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors to be able to better yourself for future situations.” Jason Gore, Player Relations, USGA “GYRA tools have given me the skills to manage my emotions and thoughts throughout the up’s and down’s of tournament golf.” Seamus Power, Olympian, PGA Tour Player “I have been coaching college golf for 20 years. The difference between a good vs great player is usually their mental approach to the game. The idea of having a scorecard for golfers to describe and track what is happening in their mind is groundbreaking.” Tim Straub, Davidson College “This book should be required curriculum for golf academies, teaching professionals, caddies, and players.” David Ross PGA Lifetime Member, Ross Academy


The Boy With Zero Self-Esteem

The Boy With Zero Self-Esteem [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Aone Ofmany
Editor: Zelpha Comics and Publishing
ISBN-10: 0995827338
Size: 1684 kb
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The Boy With Zero Self-Esteem by Aone Ofmany Book Summary:

We all have heard of the terms and disorders so many of our fellow citizens in society deal with daily: depression, loneliness, anxiety, anger, paranoia, agoraphobia, attempted suicide, incel mindset, being bullied, low self-esteem and the list goes on and on. It is difficult to live a ‘normal’ happy life with just one of these mental health afflictions. Now imagine living with all of them! This book will open up the life of one ordinary man who started off just like any happy-go-lucky kid, and how he grew up to encompass all the mental conditions listed above. A badly needed real story about the origins of mental health issues in a person who could be just about anybody out there. But more importantly than how he suffered from mental health, this book will reveal how he was able to overcome his issues and demons to achieve a simple and happy ordinary life with his family. That ‘normalcy’ we all crave deep down. How meditation and cannabis – yes, good ol’ weed – helped him find peace and stable mental health. He’s only one out the millions of men out there who have looked for love, acceptance, and understanding in this unfair world, and ended up being devastated because of it. But he is also one of those men who was able to change his life for the better. We hope you will enjoy his journey.

Download or read The Boy With Zero Self-Esteem book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). We all have heard of the terms and disorders so many of our fellow citizens in society deal with daily: depression, loneliness, anxiety, anger, paranoia, agoraphobia, attempted suicide, incel mindset, being bullied, low self-esteem and the list goes on and on. It is difficult to live a ‘normal’ happy life with just one of these mental health afflictions. Now imagine living with all of them! This book will open up the life of one ordinary man who started off just like any happy-go-lucky kid, and how he grew up to encompass all the mental conditions listed above. A badly needed real story about the origins of mental health issues in a person who could be just about anybody out there. But more importantly than how he suffered from mental health, this book will reveal how he was able to overcome his issues and demons to achieve a simple and happy ordinary life with his family. That ‘normalcy’ we all crave deep down. How meditation and cannabis – yes, good ol’ weed – helped him find peace and stable mental health. He’s only one out the millions of men out there who have looked for love, acceptance, and understanding in this unfair world, and ended up being devastated because of it. But he is also one of those men who was able to change his life for the better. We hope you will enjoy his journey.


The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Daniel Siddiqi,Michael Barrie,Carrie Gillon,Jason Haugen,Eric Mathieu
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1351810278
Size: 587 kb
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The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages by Daniel Siddiqi,Michael Barrie,Carrie Gillon,Jason Haugen,Eric Mathieu Book Summary:

The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.

Download or read The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages is a one-stop reference for linguists on those topics that come up the most frequently in the study of the languages of North America (including Mexico). This handbook compiles a list of contributors from across many different theories and at different stages of their careers, all of whom are well-known experts in North American languages. The volume comprises two distinct parts: the first surveys some of the phenomena most frequently discussed in the study of North American languages, and the second surveys some of the most frequently discussed language families of North America. The consistent goal of each contribution is to couch the content of the chapter in contemporary theory so that the information is maximally relevant and accessible for a wide range of audiences, including graduate students and young new scholars, and even senior scholars who are looking for a crash course in the topics. Empirically driven chapters provide fundamental knowledge needed to participate in contemporary theoretical discussions of these languages, making this handbook an indispensable resource for linguistics scholars.


Modal Verbs in Marlowe and Shakespeare

Modal Verbs in Marlowe and Shakespeare [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Monika Skorasińska
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN-10: 152753314X
Size: 772 kb
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Modal Verbs in Marlowe and Shakespeare by Monika Skorasińska Book Summary:

This book provides a historical insight into the use and meanings of modal verbs in the language of the Early Modern English period. It investigates how William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe employ these verbs in their tragedies and history plays dating back to the end of the 16th century. Comparative analyses add to the clarity of the book and fill a gap in the research on Marlovian language, which so far has been under-investigated in contrast to the language of William Shakespeare. The findings offered here shed light on the history of modal verbs and constitute a valuable contribution to contemporary Early Modern English studies. As such, the book represents an important resource for students, teachers, and researchers involved in the study of Early Modern English language and language change.

Download or read Modal Verbs in Marlowe and Shakespeare book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book provides a historical insight into the use and meanings of modal verbs in the language of the Early Modern English period. It investigates how William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe employ these verbs in their tragedies and history plays dating back to the end of the 16th century. Comparative analyses add to the clarity of the book and fill a gap in the research on Marlovian language, which so far has been under-investigated in contrast to the language of William Shakespeare. The findings offered here shed light on the history of modal verbs and constitute a valuable contribution to contemporary Early Modern English studies. As such, the book represents an important resource for students, teachers, and researchers involved in the study of Early Modern English language and language change.


Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics

Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frank Brisard,Jan-Ola Östman,Jef Verschueren
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN-10: 9027289182
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Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics by Frank Brisard,Jan-Ola Östman,Jef Verschueren Book Summary:

The ten volumes of Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights focus on the most salient topics in the field of pragmatics, thus dividing its wide interdisciplinary spectrum in a transparent and manageable way. While other volumes select philosophical, cognitive, cultural, social, variational, interactional, or discursive points of view, this fifth volume looks at the field of linguistic pragmatics from a primarily grammatical angle. That is, it asks in which particular sense a variety of older and more recent functional (rather than generative) models of grammar relate to the study of language in use: how this affects their general outlook on language structure, whether issues of language use inform the very makeup of these models or are merely included as possible research themes, and how far the actual integration of pragmatics ultimately goes (is it a module/layer or is the model truly “usage-based”?). Each of the authors presenting these models has taken systematic care to highlight the relevant problems and focus on the implications of considering pragmatic phenomena from the point of view of grammar. Furthermore, a limited number of chapters deal with traditional topics in the grammatical literature, and specifically those which are called pragmatic because they either are not strictly concerned with truth (semantics), or receive their (truth) value only from an interaction with context. In the introduction, these theories and topics are set up against the historical background of a gradually changing attitude, on the part of grammarians, towards questions of linguistic knowledge and behavior, and the role of learning in their relationship.

Download or read Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The ten volumes of Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights focus on the most salient topics in the field of pragmatics, thus dividing its wide interdisciplinary spectrum in a transparent and manageable way. While other volumes select philosophical, cognitive, cultural, social, variational, interactional, or discursive points of view, this fifth volume looks at the field of linguistic pragmatics from a primarily grammatical angle. That is, it asks in which particular sense a variety of older and more recent functional (rather than generative) models of grammar relate to the study of language in use: how this affects their general outlook on language structure, whether issues of language use inform the very makeup of these models or are merely included as possible research themes, and how far the actual integration of pragmatics ultimately goes (is it a module/layer or is the model truly “usage-based”?). Each of the authors presenting these models has taken systematic care to highlight the relevant problems and focus on the implications of considering pragmatic phenomena from the point of view of grammar. Furthermore, a limited number of chapters deal with traditional topics in the grammatical literature, and specifically those which are called pragmatic because they either are not strictly concerned with truth (semantics), or receive their (truth) value only from an interaction with context. In the introduction, these theories and topics are set up against the historical background of a gradually changing attitude, on the part of grammarians, towards questions of linguistic knowledge and behavior, and the role of learning in their relationship.


The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood

The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Jan Nuyts,Johan van der Auwera
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN-10: 0191646334
Size: 319 kb
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The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood by Jan Nuyts,Johan van der Auwera Book Summary:

This handbook offers an in depth and comprehensive state of the art survey of the linguistic domains of modality and mood. An international team of experts in the field examines the full range of methodological and theoretical approaches to the many facets of the phenomena involved. Parts 1 and 2 of the volume present the basic linguistic facts about the systems of modality and mood in the languages of the world, covering the semantics and the expression of different subtypes of modality and mood respectively. The authors also examine the interaction of modality and mood, mutually and with other semantic categories such as aspect, time, negation, and evidentiality. In Part 3, authors discuss the features of the modality and mood systems in five typologically different language groups, while chapters in Part 4 deal with wider perspectives on modality and mood: diachrony, areality, first language acquisition, and sign language. Finally, Part 5 looks at how modality and mood are handled in different theoretical approaches: formal syntax, functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics and construction grammar, and formal semantics.

Download or read The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This handbook offers an in depth and comprehensive state of the art survey of the linguistic domains of modality and mood. An international team of experts in the field examines the full range of methodological and theoretical approaches to the many facets of the phenomena involved. Parts 1 and 2 of the volume present the basic linguistic facts about the systems of modality and mood in the languages of the world, covering the semantics and the expression of different subtypes of modality and mood respectively. The authors also examine the interaction of modality and mood, mutually and with other semantic categories such as aspect, time, negation, and evidentiality. In Part 3, authors discuss the features of the modality and mood systems in five typologically different language groups, while chapters in Part 4 deal with wider perspectives on modality and mood: diachrony, areality, first language acquisition, and sign language. Finally, Part 5 looks at how modality and mood are handled in different theoretical approaches: formal syntax, functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics and construction grammar, and formal semantics.


Operative Rights

Operative Rights [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Beth J. Singer
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN-10: 1438420137
Size: 1483 kb
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Operative Rights by Beth J. Singer Book Summary:

This book was written because none of the more traditional theories accurately portray the way rights, including individual rights, actually function. It develops a theory of rights that challenges the individualism of the human rights tradition and ascribes rights to collectivities as well as to individuals. Drawing in part on the thought of George Herbert Mead, Singer develops an analysis of rights as social institutions. Integral to this analysis is a theory of community and a related theory of the self that utilize insights derived from both Mead and Justus Buchler. Singer shows, on the one hand, how communities (ranging from small groups to ethnic minorities to nations) as well as individuals can have rights; and, on the other, why nonhuman animals cannot. Contending that rights exist only where they are actually operative within and among communities, she identifies fundamental rights that ought to be operative in and for every community. In addition to discussing aspects of major contemporary rights theories, Singer deals with current issues such as that of fetal rights and, with a variety of examples, the problem of conflicts of rights, including conflicts between the rights of communities and those of their members.

Download or read Operative Rights book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book was written because none of the more traditional theories accurately portray the way rights, including individual rights, actually function. It develops a theory of rights that challenges the individualism of the human rights tradition and ascribes rights to collectivities as well as to individuals. Drawing in part on the thought of George Herbert Mead, Singer develops an analysis of rights as social institutions. Integral to this analysis is a theory of community and a related theory of the self that utilize insights derived from both Mead and Justus Buchler. Singer shows, on the one hand, how communities (ranging from small groups to ethnic minorities to nations) as well as individuals can have rights; and, on the other, why nonhuman animals cannot. Contending that rights exist only where they are actually operative within and among communities, she identifies fundamental rights that ought to be operative in and for every community. In addition to discussing aspects of major contemporary rights theories, Singer deals with current issues such as that of fetal rights and, with a variety of examples, the problem of conflicts of rights, including conflicts between the rights of communities and those of their members.


Modality in Argumentation

Modality in Argumentation [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Andrea Rocci
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 9402410635
Size: 1723 kb
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Modality in Argumentation by Andrea Rocci Book Summary:

This book addresses two related questions that have first arisen in Toulmin’s seminal book on the uses of argument. The first question is the one of the relationship between the semantic analysis of modality and the structure of arguments. The second question is the one of the distinctive place, or role, of modality in the fundamental structure of arguments. These two questions concern how modality, as a semantic category, relates to the fundamental structure of arguments. The book addresses modality and argumentation also according to another perspective by looking at how different linguistic modal expressions may be taken as argumentative indicators. It explores the role of modal expressions as argumentative indicators by using the Italian modal system as a case study. At the same time, it uses predictions/forecasts in the business-financial daily press to investigate the relation between modality and the context of argumentation.

Download or read Modality in Argumentation book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book addresses two related questions that have first arisen in Toulmin’s seminal book on the uses of argument. The first question is the one of the relationship between the semantic analysis of modality and the structure of arguments. The second question is the one of the distinctive place, or role, of modality in the fundamental structure of arguments. These two questions concern how modality, as a semantic category, relates to the fundamental structure of arguments. The book addresses modality and argumentation also according to another perspective by looking at how different linguistic modal expressions may be taken as argumentative indicators. It explores the role of modal expressions as argumentative indicators by using the Italian modal system as a case study. At the same time, it uses predictions/forecasts in the business-financial daily press to investigate the relation between modality and the context of argumentation.


Grammar and Meaning

Grammar and Meaning [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Howard Jackson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1317901169
Size: 560 kb
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Grammar and Meaning by Howard Jackson Book Summary:

Grammar and Meaning is an introduction to the study of grammar of contemporary English. It provides an impressive survey of all the main areas of English grammar, from words through to sentences and texts. It introduces and explains the linguistic terms needed to talk about the ways in which language works, from simple terms like adjective to more complex terms like non-finite clause. To meet the needs of both students and scholars, Howard Jackson has produced an innovative approach to the study of English grammar. Instead of concentrating on the formal and theoretical discussion of grammar, as many introductions do, this original analysis examines the 'meanings' we want to express when we use language. Beginning with the question, "What do we talk about?", it goes on to investigate how these meanings are structured in the grammar of English. These notions are closer to our ordinary understanding of what language is doing, and therefore the forms and structures of grammar are more easily grasped. The book is extensively illustrated with examples from real English. With analytical exercises in each chapter and a comprehensive glossary of terms, the book will prove and invaluable aid to students of English language, linguistics and English as a Foreign Language, whilst also being accessible to anyone who studies English grammar as part of their course.

Download or read Grammar and Meaning book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Grammar and Meaning is an introduction to the study of grammar of contemporary English. It provides an impressive survey of all the main areas of English grammar, from words through to sentences and texts. It introduces and explains the linguistic terms needed to talk about the ways in which language works, from simple terms like adjective to more complex terms like non-finite clause. To meet the needs of both students and scholars, Howard Jackson has produced an innovative approach to the study of English grammar. Instead of concentrating on the formal and theoretical discussion of grammar, as many introductions do, this original analysis examines the 'meanings' we want to express when we use language. Beginning with the question, "What do we talk about?", it goes on to investigate how these meanings are structured in the grammar of English. These notions are closer to our ordinary understanding of what language is doing, and therefore the forms and structures of grammar are more easily grasped. The book is extensively illustrated with examples from real English. With analytical exercises in each chapter and a comprehensive glossary of terms, the book will prove and invaluable aid to students of English language, linguistics and English as a Foreign Language, whilst also being accessible to anyone who studies English grammar as part of their course.


Dispositions and Causal Powers

Dispositions and Causal Powers [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Bruno Gnassounou
Editor: Routledge
ISBN-10: 1317149491
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Dispositions and Causal Powers by Bruno Gnassounou Book Summary:

Dispositions are everywhere. We say that a wall is hard, that water quenches thirst and is transparent, that dogs can swim and oak trees can let their leaves fall, and that acid has the power to corrode metals. All these statements express attributions of dispositions, be they physical, physiological or psychological, yet there is much philosophical debate about how far, if at all, dispositional predicates can have complete meaning or figure in causal explanations. This collection of essays, by leading international researchers, examine the case for realism with respect to dispositions and causal powers in both metaphysics and science. Among the issues debated in this book is whether dispositions can be analyzed in terms of conditionals, whether all dispositions have a so-called categorical basis and, if they do, what is the relation between the disposition and its basis.

Download or read Dispositions and Causal Powers book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Dispositions are everywhere. We say that a wall is hard, that water quenches thirst and is transparent, that dogs can swim and oak trees can let their leaves fall, and that acid has the power to corrode metals. All these statements express attributions of dispositions, be they physical, physiological or psychological, yet there is much philosophical debate about how far, if at all, dispositional predicates can have complete meaning or figure in causal explanations. This collection of essays, by leading international researchers, examine the case for realism with respect to dispositions and causal powers in both metaphysics and science. Among the issues debated in this book is whether dispositions can be analyzed in terms of conditionals, whether all dispositions have a so-called categorical basis and, if they do, what is the relation between the disposition and its basis.


The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies

The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Erik Angelone,Maureen Ehrensberger-Dow,Gary Massey
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN-10: 1350024945
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The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies by Erik Angelone,Maureen Ehrensberger-Dow,Gary Massey Book Summary:

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the key issues shaping the language industry, including translation, interpreting, machine translation, editing, terminology management, technology and accessibility. By exploring current and future research topics and methods, the Companion addresses language industry stakeholders, researchers, trainers and working professionals who are keen to know more about the dynamics of the language industry. Providing systematic coverage of a diverse range of translation and interpreting related topics and featuring an A to Z of key terms, The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies examines how industry trends and technological advancement can optimize best practices in multilingual communication, language industry workspaces and training.

Download or read The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the key issues shaping the language industry, including translation, interpreting, machine translation, editing, terminology management, technology and accessibility. By exploring current and future research topics and methods, the Companion addresses language industry stakeholders, researchers, trainers and working professionals who are keen to know more about the dynamics of the language industry. Providing systematic coverage of a diverse range of translation and interpreting related topics and featuring an A to Z of key terms, The Bloomsbury Companion to Language Industry Studies examines how industry trends and technological advancement can optimize best practices in multilingual communication, language industry workspaces and training.


The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death

The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Petar Kehayov
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN-10: 3110524082
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The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death by Petar Kehayov Book Summary:

Research into the “grammar of language death” is often biased toward formal processes (e.g. paradigmatic levelling). In this study the author changes the perspective and shows that the relative susceptibility of linguistic elements to loss, change and innovation in language death circumstances can be dependent on meaning and thus organized along semantic notions rather than along structure.

Download or read The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Research into the “grammar of language death” is often biased toward formal processes (e.g. paradigmatic levelling). In this study the author changes the perspective and shows that the relative susceptibility of linguistic elements to loss, change and innovation in language death circumstances can be dependent on meaning and thus organized along semantic notions rather than along structure.


Insubordination

Insubordination [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Karin Beijering,Gunther Kaltenböck,María Sol Sansiñena
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN-10: 3110638282
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Insubordination by Karin Beijering,Gunther Kaltenböck,María Sol Sansiñena Book Summary:

Insubordinate clauses present a challenge for grammatical analysis. This is owed to their unusual combination of subordinate structure with main clause use. This volume brings together a collection of articles on the form and function of insubordination in a range of languages – providing an up-to-date overview of current research on the topic.

Download or read Insubordination book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Insubordinate clauses present a challenge for grammatical analysis. This is owed to their unusual combination of subordinate structure with main clause use. This volume brings together a collection of articles on the form and function of insubordination in a range of languages – providing an up-to-date overview of current research on the topic.


Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, and Museums

Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, and Museums [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Edward M. Corrado,Heather Moulaison Sandy
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN-10: 1442278730
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Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, and Museums by Edward M. Corrado,Heather Moulaison Sandy Book Summary:

This new edition of Digital Preservation in Libraries, Archives, and Museums is the most current, complete guide to digital preservation available today. For administrators and practitioners alike, the information in this book is presented readably, focusing on management issues and best practices. Although this book addresses technology, it is not solely focused on technology. After all, technology changes and digital preservation is aimed for the long term. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about “things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I knew before I got started.” Digital preservation is concerned with the life cycle of the digital object in a robust and all-inclusive way. Many Europeans and some North Americans may refer to digital curation to mean the same thing, taking digital preservation to be the very limited steps and processes needed to insure access over the long term. The authors take digital preservation in the broadest sense of the term: looking at all aspects of curating and preserving digital content for long term access. The book is divided into four part: 1.Situating Digital Preservation, 2.Management Aspects, 3.Technology Aspects, and 4.Content-Related Aspects. Digital Preservation will answer questions that you might not have even known you had, leading to more successful digital preservation initiatives.

Download or read Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, and Museums book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This new edition of Digital Preservation in Libraries, Archives, and Museums is the most current, complete guide to digital preservation available today. For administrators and practitioners alike, the information in this book is presented readably, focusing on management issues and best practices. Although this book addresses technology, it is not solely focused on technology. After all, technology changes and digital preservation is aimed for the long term. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about “things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I knew before I got started.” Digital preservation is concerned with the life cycle of the digital object in a robust and all-inclusive way. Many Europeans and some North Americans may refer to digital curation to mean the same thing, taking digital preservation to be the very limited steps and processes needed to insure access over the long term. The authors take digital preservation in the broadest sense of the term: looking at all aspects of curating and preserving digital content for long term access. The book is divided into four part: 1.Situating Digital Preservation, 2.Management Aspects, 3.Technology Aspects, and 4.Content-Related Aspects. Digital Preservation will answer questions that you might not have even known you had, leading to more successful digital preservation initiatives.


Semantics - Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases

Semantics - Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Paul Portner,Klaus Heusinger,Claudia Maienborn
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN-10: 3110589443
Size: 1863 kb
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Semantics - Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases by Paul Portner,Klaus Heusinger,Claudia Maienborn Book Summary:

Gain a deeper understanding of essential research on the semantics of noun phrases and verb phrases. Clear explanations of significant recent research bring complex issues to life, with expert guidance on topics of debate within the field. The book gives readers valuable insights into topics such as definiteness, specificity, genericity aspect, aktionsart and mood. It also discusses directions for future research. Written by a world-class team of authors, these highly cited articles are here in paperback for the first time since their original publication. An essential reference for researchers in the area.

Download or read Semantics - Noun Phrases and Verb Phrases book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Gain a deeper understanding of essential research on the semantics of noun phrases and verb phrases. Clear explanations of significant recent research bring complex issues to life, with expert guidance on topics of debate within the field. The book gives readers valuable insights into topics such as definiteness, specificity, genericity aspect, aktionsart and mood. It also discusses directions for future research. Written by a world-class team of authors, these highly cited articles are here in paperback for the first time since their original publication. An essential reference for researchers in the area.


A. J. Appasamy and his Reading of Rāmānuja

A. J. Appasamy and his Reading of Rāmānuja [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Brian Philip Dunn
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN-10: 0192508954
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A. J. Appasamy and his Reading of Rāmānuja by Brian Philip Dunn Book Summary:

In this work, Brian Philip Dunn focuses on the South Indian theologian A. J. Appaswamy's 'embodiment theology.' This is the first book on Appaswamy, a not insignificant Indian, Christian theologian. This study argues for the distinctive theological voice of Appaswamy who develops a theology strongly influenced by the medieval Hindu theologian (or 'bhakti philosopher') Rāmānuja, in particular offering a reading of the Gospel of John. Dunn shows how Appaswamy sees the Christian God in Rāmānuja's theology and how his theology, particularly about the presence of God in the icon in a temple, can become a heuristic device through which to understand the fourth Gospel in the context of its own time. This allows the reader to develop a rooted Christology that otherwise would remain hidden. Through Rāmānuja, Appaswamy can contribute to a constructive and important Theology that grounds the text and ideas of the incarnation in the Jewish context, particularly about priestly atonement. This reading of Rāmānuja allows us to see a Christology in the Christian text that would otherwise not have been seen.

Download or read A. J. Appasamy and his Reading of Rāmānuja book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). In this work, Brian Philip Dunn focuses on the South Indian theologian A. J. Appaswamy's 'embodiment theology.' This is the first book on Appaswamy, a not insignificant Indian, Christian theologian. This study argues for the distinctive theological voice of Appaswamy who develops a theology strongly influenced by the medieval Hindu theologian (or 'bhakti philosopher') Rāmānuja, in particular offering a reading of the Gospel of John. Dunn shows how Appaswamy sees the Christian God in Rāmānuja's theology and how his theology, particularly about the presence of God in the icon in a temple, can become a heuristic device through which to understand the fourth Gospel in the context of its own time. This allows the reader to develop a rooted Christology that otherwise would remain hidden. Through Rāmānuja, Appaswamy can contribute to a constructive and important Theology that grounds the text and ideas of the incarnation in the Jewish context, particularly about priestly atonement. This reading of Rāmānuja allows us to see a Christology in the Christian text that would otherwise not have been seen.


Practical Environmental Forensics

Practical Environmental Forensics [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Patrick J. Sullivan,Franklin J. Agardy,Richard K. Traub
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-10: 0471437654
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Practical Environmental Forensics by Patrick J. Sullivan,Franklin J. Agardy,Richard K. Traub Book Summary:

A comprehensive practical guide to environmental forensics With real-world examples and advice on both scientific and legal issues, Practical Environmental Forensics stands on the front line of this new interdisciplinary approach to the environmental litigation process. Compiled by experts with decades of combined experience in teaching, research, consulting, and litigation, it is the first book to offer a comprehensive presentation of environmental forensics.The first section provides an introduction to the forensic process, a historical perspective on pollution, and related laws and insurance issues. The book continues with a review of the most commonly used technical approaches and methods employed to support forensic litigation case issues. A third section introduces essential environmental forensic support functions, including admissibility of evidence, expert case management, and the use of mediation methods in settling cases. Finally, the book explores the environmental forensic process through an extensive body of real case studies in which the authors have participated. This comprehensive guidebook includes: * Guidance in the development and presentation of forensic opinions within the litigation process * Stand-alone applications of historical research, groundwater contaminant modeling, chemical fingerprinting, toxicology, and risk assessment to environmental litigation * Chemical and investigative forensic methods presented within the context of environmental forensic case histories * Illustrative problem-solving as an invaluable teaching and learning resource * Typical forensic cases grouped to illustrate the three main areas of environmental litigation: minimizing damages to clients, allocating damages between responsible parties, and resolution of insurance-related issues For engineers, scientists, attorneys, government regulators, financial and real estate professionals, and the broad spectrum of environmental consultants, this book is critical for all whose work involves environmental contamination.

Download or read Practical Environmental Forensics book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). A comprehensive practical guide to environmental forensics With real-world examples and advice on both scientific and legal issues, Practical Environmental Forensics stands on the front line of this new interdisciplinary approach to the environmental litigation process. Compiled by experts with decades of combined experience in teaching, research, consulting, and litigation, it is the first book to offer a comprehensive presentation of environmental forensics.The first section provides an introduction to the forensic process, a historical perspective on pollution, and related laws and insurance issues. The book continues with a review of the most commonly used technical approaches and methods employed to support forensic litigation case issues. A third section introduces essential environmental forensic support functions, including admissibility of evidence, expert case management, and the use of mediation methods in settling cases. Finally, the book explores the environmental forensic process through an extensive body of real case studies in which the authors have participated. This comprehensive guidebook includes: * Guidance in the development and presentation of forensic opinions within the litigation process * Stand-alone applications of historical research, groundwater contaminant modeling, chemical fingerprinting, toxicology, and risk assessment to environmental litigation * Chemical and investigative forensic methods presented within the context of environmental forensic case histories * Illustrative problem-solving as an invaluable teaching and learning resource * Typical forensic cases grouped to illustrate the three main areas of environmental litigation: minimizing damages to clients, allocating damages between responsible parties, and resolution of insurance-related issues For engineers, scientists, attorneys, government regulators, financial and real estate professionals, and the broad spectrum of environmental consultants, this book is critical for all whose work involves environmental contamination.


Moral Anthropology

Moral Anthropology [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Bruce Kapferer,Marina Gold
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN-10: 1785338692
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Moral Anthropology by Bruce Kapferer,Marina Gold Book Summary:

A development in anthropological theory, characterized as the 'moral turn', is gaining popularity and should be carefully considered. In examining the context, arguments, and discourse that surrounds this trend, this volume reconceptualizes the discipline of anthropology in a radical way. Contributions from anthropologists from around the world from different theoretical traditions and with expertise in a multiplicity of ethnographic areas makes this collection a provocative contribution to larger discussions not only in anthropology but the social sciences more broadly.

Download or read Moral Anthropology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). A development in anthropological theory, characterized as the 'moral turn', is gaining popularity and should be carefully considered. In examining the context, arguments, and discourse that surrounds this trend, this volume reconceptualizes the discipline of anthropology in a radical way. Contributions from anthropologists from around the world from different theoretical traditions and with expertise in a multiplicity of ethnographic areas makes this collection a provocative contribution to larger discussions not only in anthropology but the social sciences more broadly.


Trusting Records

Trusting Records [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: H. MacNeil
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 9401593752
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Trusting Records by H. MacNeil Book Summary:

A trustworthy record is one that is both an accurate statement of facts and a genuine manifestation of those facts. Record trustworthiness thus has two qualitative dimensions: reliability and authenticity. Reliability means that the record is capable of standing for the facts to which it attests, while authenticity means that the record is what it claims to be. This study explores the evolution of the principles and methods for determining record trustworthiness from antiquity to the digital age, and from the perspectives of law and history. It also examines recent efforts undertaken by researchers in the field of archival science to develop methods for ensuring the trustworthiness of records created and maintained in electronic systems. Audience: The target audience for this study is legal scholars working in the field of evidence law, historians working in the field of historical methodology, and recordkeeping professionals (records managers, information technology specialists, archivists) working on the design and implementation of contemporary organizational recordkeeping systems.

Download or read Trusting Records book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). A trustworthy record is one that is both an accurate statement of facts and a genuine manifestation of those facts. Record trustworthiness thus has two qualitative dimensions: reliability and authenticity. Reliability means that the record is capable of standing for the facts to which it attests, while authenticity means that the record is what it claims to be. This study explores the evolution of the principles and methods for determining record trustworthiness from antiquity to the digital age, and from the perspectives of law and history. It also examines recent efforts undertaken by researchers in the field of archival science to develop methods for ensuring the trustworthiness of records created and maintained in electronic systems. Audience: The target audience for this study is legal scholars working in the field of evidence law, historians working in the field of historical methodology, and recordkeeping professionals (records managers, information technology specialists, archivists) working on the design and implementation of contemporary organizational recordkeeping systems.


The Industrial Revolution - Lost in Antiquity - Found in the Renaissance

The Industrial Revolution - Lost in Antiquity - Found in the Renaissance [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Cort MacLean Johns, Ph.D.-HSG
Editor: Cort MacLean Johns Ph.D.- HSG
ISBN-10: 9463458441
Size: 440 kb
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The Industrial Revolution - Lost in Antiquity - Found in the Renaissance by Cort MacLean Johns, Ph.D.-HSG Book Summary:

Ever increasing research evidence continues to mount. Having started my research on the connection of the Hydraulis to the roots of the more recent Industrial Revolution at the University of St. Gallen in 1989 over 30 years ago, I continue to identify additional support for it. We do not know whether the beginnings of an Industrial Revolution in Hellenistic Greece would have continued if not cut off by the Roman Empire's conquests. Neither do we know whether the more recent (latent) Industrial Revolution could have risen up again in the 17th-century without Vitruvius or Hero of Alexander's preserved writings. The point of this book is to emphasize with new findings that had the Romans not stopped the growth of science and technology in the Hellenistic Period that it would have likely continued to develop into a full-fledged Industrial Revolution. Secondly, the more recent Industrial Revolution borrowed heavily on the technology and science of the Hellenistic Period. In the true sense of the "Renaissance" 17th-century industrial progress largely picked up the written remnants of Antiquity to be able to continue on after a centuries long caesura.

Download or read The Industrial Revolution - Lost in Antiquity - Found in the Renaissance book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Ever increasing research evidence continues to mount. Having started my research on the connection of the Hydraulis to the roots of the more recent Industrial Revolution at the University of St. Gallen in 1989 over 30 years ago, I continue to identify additional support for it. We do not know whether the beginnings of an Industrial Revolution in Hellenistic Greece would have continued if not cut off by the Roman Empire's conquests. Neither do we know whether the more recent (latent) Industrial Revolution could have risen up again in the 17th-century without Vitruvius or Hero of Alexander's preserved writings. The point of this book is to emphasize with new findings that had the Romans not stopped the growth of science and technology in the Hellenistic Period that it would have likely continued to develop into a full-fledged Industrial Revolution. Secondly, the more recent Industrial Revolution borrowed heavily on the technology and science of the Hellenistic Period. In the true sense of the "Renaissance" 17th-century industrial progress largely picked up the written remnants of Antiquity to be able to continue on after a centuries long caesura.


Intersubjectivity and Intersubjectification in Grammar and Discourse

Intersubjectivity and Intersubjectification in Grammar and Discourse [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Lieselotte Brems,Lobke Ghesquière,Freek Van de Velde
Editor: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN-10: 9027269785
Size: 610 kb
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Intersubjectivity and Intersubjectification in Grammar and Discourse by Lieselotte Brems,Lobke Ghesquière,Freek Van de Velde Book Summary:

Recent years saw a growing interest in the study of subjectivity, as the linguistic expression of speaker involvement. Intersubjectivity, defined by Traugott as "the linguistic expression of a speaker/writer's attention to the hearer/reader", on the other hand, has so far received little explicit attention in its own right, let alone systematic definition and operationalization. Intersubjectivity and seemingly related notions such as interpersonal meaning, appraisal, stance and metadiscourse, frequently appear in cognitive-functional accounts, as well as historical and more applied approaches. These domains offer (partly) conflicting uses of 'intersubjectivity', differ in the overall scope of the concept and the phenomena it may cover.This book brings together contributions from a variety of different approaches, with the aim of disentangling the current web of intertwined notions of intersubjectivity. Rather than focusing on the potentially conflicting views, the volume aspires to resolve some of the conceptual puzzle by cross-fertilization between the different views, and spark discussion on how to operationalize 'intersubjectivity' in linguistic research. Originally published in English Text Construction 5:1 (2012).

Download or read Intersubjectivity and Intersubjectification in Grammar and Discourse book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Recent years saw a growing interest in the study of subjectivity, as the linguistic expression of speaker involvement. Intersubjectivity, defined by Traugott as "the linguistic expression of a speaker/writer's attention to the hearer/reader", on the other hand, has so far received little explicit attention in its own right, let alone systematic definition and operationalization. Intersubjectivity and seemingly related notions such as interpersonal meaning, appraisal, stance and metadiscourse, frequently appear in cognitive-functional accounts, as well as historical and more applied approaches. These domains offer (partly) conflicting uses of 'intersubjectivity', differ in the overall scope of the concept and the phenomena it may cover.This book brings together contributions from a variety of different approaches, with the aim of disentangling the current web of intertwined notions of intersubjectivity. Rather than focusing on the potentially conflicting views, the volume aspires to resolve some of the conceptual puzzle by cross-fertilization between the different views, and spark discussion on how to operationalize 'intersubjectivity' in linguistic research. Originally published in English Text Construction 5:1 (2012).


The Ethics of Teaching

The Ethics of Teaching [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Patricia Keith-Spiegel,Bernard E. Whitley, Jr.,Deborah Ware Balogh,David V. Perkins,Arno F. Wittig
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN-10: 1135640092
Size: 1324 kb
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The Ethics of Teaching by Patricia Keith-Spiegel,Bernard E. Whitley, Jr.,Deborah Ware Balogh,David V. Perkins,Arno F. Wittig Book Summary:

The Ethics of Teaching provides a frank discussion of the most frequently encountered ethical dilemmas that can arise in educational settings, as well as tips on how to avoid these predicaments and how to deal with them when they do occur. The goal is to stimulate discussion and raise faculties' consciousness about ethical issues. Ethical dilemmas are presented as short, engaging case scenarios, most of which are based on actual situations, so as to furnish more realistic and interesting stimuli for individual reflection and group discussion. These scenarios offer the opportunity to consider the subtle complexities inherent in the social and psychological contexts in which educator-student interactions occur and the effects of those complexities on ethical decision making. Each case is followed by a detailed analysis and advice. The book's 195 cases are grouped into 22 chapters representing topics, such as the controversial classroom presentations and assignments, debatable testing and grading practices, problematic student-faculty interactions, dual-role relationships with students, collegial conflicts, managing very difficult students, and confidentiality dilemmas. The Ethics of Teaching: A Casebook, Second Edition: *focuses on commonly encountered ethical "gray areas" that have no clear solution; *includes questions to stimulate discussion of related ethical issues; *concludes with a chapter on prevention, peer mentoring, and intervention; and *serves as excellent "assigned reading" to stimulate group discussion in teaching workshops and faculty development programs. The first edition of this book evolved by collecting a variety of teaching situations that commonly occur in college and university settings. The authors then created responses to the situations and circulated both the cases and the responses to reviewers from a number of departments across the country. As a result, the vast majority of the cases are "discipline free." The second edition features many new cases to reflect recent trends and events related to academic ethics. Questions were added to stimulate discussion and to further elaborate the issues. The Ethics of Teaching: A Casebook is ideal for college and university faculty, graduate assistants, and administrators involved in workshops, graduate teaching assistant courses, and faculty development and new faculty orientation programs. As a result of the book's cross-disciplinary development, it will be beneficial to faculty from a broad spectrum of disciplines.

Download or read The Ethics of Teaching book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Ethics of Teaching provides a frank discussion of the most frequently encountered ethical dilemmas that can arise in educational settings, as well as tips on how to avoid these predicaments and how to deal with them when they do occur. The goal is to stimulate discussion and raise faculties' consciousness about ethical issues. Ethical dilemmas are presented as short, engaging case scenarios, most of which are based on actual situations, so as to furnish more realistic and interesting stimuli for individual reflection and group discussion. These scenarios offer the opportunity to consider the subtle complexities inherent in the social and psychological contexts in which educator-student interactions occur and the effects of those complexities on ethical decision making. Each case is followed by a detailed analysis and advice. The book's 195 cases are grouped into 22 chapters representing topics, such as the controversial classroom presentations and assignments, debatable testing and grading practices, problematic student-faculty interactions, dual-role relationships with students, collegial conflicts, managing very difficult students, and confidentiality dilemmas. The Ethics of Teaching: A Casebook, Second Edition: *focuses on commonly encountered ethical "gray areas" that have no clear solution; *includes questions to stimulate discussion of related ethical issues; *concludes with a chapter on prevention, peer mentoring, and intervention; and *serves as excellent "assigned reading" to stimulate group discussion in teaching workshops and faculty development programs. The first edition of this book evolved by collecting a variety of teaching situations that commonly occur in college and university settings. The authors then created responses to the situations and circulated both the cases and the responses to reviewers from a number of departments across the country. As a result, the vast majority of the cases are "discipline free." The second edition features many new cases to reflect recent trends and events related to academic ethics. Questions were added to stimulate discussion and to further elaborate the issues. The Ethics of Teaching: A Casebook is ideal for college and university faculty, graduate assistants, and administrators involved in workshops, graduate teaching assistant courses, and faculty development and new faculty orientation programs. As a result of the book's cross-disciplinary development, it will be beneficial to faculty from a broad spectrum of disciplines.


Aromatica Volume 1

Aromatica Volume 1 [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Peter Holmes
Editor: Singing Dragon
ISBN-10: 0857012576
Size: 1459 kb
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Aromatica Volume 1 by Peter Holmes Book Summary:

The first of two volumes, this is a comprehensive clinical text on the principles behind the clinical use of essential oils. It builds an important foundation for essential oil therapy and includes profiles of the most important 30 essential oils used in practice. This detailed and practical database of clinical experience of essential oil therapeutics takes a truly holistic approach, focussing on the psychological, the physiological and the energetic or Chinese medical aspects. Skilfully blending the evidence of scientific research with that of clinical practice, the book builds a comprehensive therapeutic profile for each oil it presents to the reader. Based on the different administration methods used and the absorption pathways activated, it clearly differentiates the psychological, physiological and topical uses of these essential oils. An extensive Materia Medica section is included. Reliable clinical reference material is offered for all complementary therapists, including aromatherapists, medical herbalists, Chinese Medicine practitioners, energy medicine therapists and massage therapists.

Download or read Aromatica Volume 1 book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The first of two volumes, this is a comprehensive clinical text on the principles behind the clinical use of essential oils. It builds an important foundation for essential oil therapy and includes profiles of the most important 30 essential oils used in practice. This detailed and practical database of clinical experience of essential oil therapeutics takes a truly holistic approach, focussing on the psychological, the physiological and the energetic or Chinese medical aspects. Skilfully blending the evidence of scientific research with that of clinical practice, the book builds a comprehensive therapeutic profile for each oil it presents to the reader. Based on the different administration methods used and the absorption pathways activated, it clearly differentiates the psychological, physiological and topical uses of these essential oils. An extensive Materia Medica section is included. Reliable clinical reference material is offered for all complementary therapists, including aromatherapists, medical herbalists, Chinese Medicine practitioners, energy medicine therapists and massage therapists.


Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origins Research

Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origins Research [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Geoffrey A. Clark,Catherine M. Willermet
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN-10: 9780202365022
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Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origins Research by Geoffrey A. Clark,Catherine M. Willermet Book Summary:

While those who study human origins now agree that the evolution of modern human form extends back much further in time than the evolution of modern human behavior, they disagree sharply as to how to interpret the substantive data. Two fundamentally incommensurate interpretations of our origins, the "Replacement" camp and the "Continuity" camp, have now emerged out of pre-existing models and theories that go back to the last quarter of the 19th century. This book contends that these positions are based on radically different biases and assumptions about what the remote human past was like. The purpose of this volume is to examine those conceptual differences, not to arrive at a consensus, but rather to explore the reasons why a consensus might never be possible.

Download or read Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origins Research book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). While those who study human origins now agree that the evolution of modern human form extends back much further in time than the evolution of modern human behavior, they disagree sharply as to how to interpret the substantive data. Two fundamentally incommensurate interpretations of our origins, the "Replacement" camp and the "Continuity" camp, have now emerged out of pre-existing models and theories that go back to the last quarter of the 19th century. This book contends that these positions are based on radically different biases and assumptions about what the remote human past was like. The purpose of this volume is to examine those conceptual differences, not to arrive at a consensus, but rather to explore the reasons why a consensus might never be possible.


Unlocking Africa’s Sustainable Development

Unlocking Africa’s Sustainable Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Patrick Ssempeera
Editor: iUniverse
ISBN-10: 1532097077
Size: 319 kb
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Unlocking Africa’s Sustainable Development by Patrick Ssempeera Book Summary:

With the world increasingly anxious about the sustainability of life as we know it on Earth, it’s a great time to consider how to unlock sustainable development. Patrick Ssempeera shares a collection of ideas focused on Africa, which is less industrialized than much of the world but quickly catching up. He tackles a variety of topics in eight chapters that encompass attitude, spirituality, shaping people into nurturing adults, government policy, promoting renewability, and fostering healthy and intimate integrations. Get answers to questions such as: • What can Africa learn from rampant levels of pollution in China and elsewhere? • How is love of culture connected to sustainable development? • What can Africans do to work toward a self-driven future? • How can spiritual leaders promote a sustainable agenda? The author also explores how politics, education, optimism, industrialization, and globalization are connected to sustainable development. Steeped in history, filled with insights, and laced with diagrams, this book is an essential resource for anyone interested in sustainable development—particularly in Africa.

Download or read Unlocking Africa’s Sustainable Development book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). With the world increasingly anxious about the sustainability of life as we know it on Earth, it’s a great time to consider how to unlock sustainable development. Patrick Ssempeera shares a collection of ideas focused on Africa, which is less industrialized than much of the world but quickly catching up. He tackles a variety of topics in eight chapters that encompass attitude, spirituality, shaping people into nurturing adults, government policy, promoting renewability, and fostering healthy and intimate integrations. Get answers to questions such as: • What can Africa learn from rampant levels of pollution in China and elsewhere? • How is love of culture connected to sustainable development? • What can Africans do to work toward a self-driven future? • How can spiritual leaders promote a sustainable agenda? The author also explores how politics, education, optimism, industrialization, and globalization are connected to sustainable development. Steeped in history, filled with insights, and laced with diagrams, this book is an essential resource for anyone interested in sustainable development—particularly in Africa.


Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning

Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Gordon P. Baker,P. M. S. Hacker
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-10: 0470753099
Size: 787 kb
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Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning by Gordon P. Baker,P. M. S. Hacker Book Summary:

This is a new edition of the first volume of G.P.Baker and P.M.S. Hacker’s definitive reference work on Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. Takes into account much material that was unavailable when the first edition was written. Following Baker’s death in 2002, P.M.S. Hacker has thoroughly revised the first volume, rewriting many essays and sections of exegesis completely. Part One – the Essays – now includes two completely new essays: 'Meaning and Use' and 'The Recantation of a Metaphysician'. Part Two – Exegesis §§1–184 – has been thoroughly revised in the light of the electronic publication of Wittgenstein’s Nachlass, and includes many new interpretations of the remarks, a history of the composition of the book, and an overview of its structure. The revisions will ensure that this remains the definitive reference work on Wittgenstein’s masterpiece for the foreseeable future.

Download or read Wittgenstein: Understanding and Meaning book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This is a new edition of the first volume of G.P.Baker and P.M.S. Hacker’s definitive reference work on Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. Takes into account much material that was unavailable when the first edition was written. Following Baker’s death in 2002, P.M.S. Hacker has thoroughly revised the first volume, rewriting many essays and sections of exegesis completely. Part One – the Essays – now includes two completely new essays: 'Meaning and Use' and 'The Recantation of a Metaphysician'. Part Two – Exegesis §§1–184 – has been thoroughly revised in the light of the electronic publication of Wittgenstein’s Nachlass, and includes many new interpretations of the remarks, a history of the composition of the book, and an overview of its structure. The revisions will ensure that this remains the definitive reference work on Wittgenstein’s masterpiece for the foreseeable future.


Chance and Temporal Asymmetry

Chance and Temporal Asymmetry [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Alastair Wilson
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN-10: 0191654485
Size: 1215 kb
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Chance and Temporal Asymmetry by Alastair Wilson Book Summary:

Chance and Temporal Asymmetry presents a collection of cutting-edge research papers in the metaphysics of science, tackling the perplexing philosophical problems raised by recent progress in the physics and metaphysics of chance and time. How do the probabilities found in fundamental physics and the probabilities of the special sciences relate to one another? Can a constraint on the initial conditions of the universe underwrite the second law of thermodynamics? How does contemporary quantum theory reframe debates over the nature of chance? What grounds do we have for believing in a fundamental direction to time? And how do all these questions connect up? The aim of the volume is both to survey and summarize recent debates about chance and temporal asymmetry and to push them forward. Familiar approaches are subjected to searching new critiques, and bold new proposals are made concerning (inter alia) the semantics of chance-attributions, the justification of the Principal Principle connecting chance and degree of belief, and the source of the temporal asymmetry of human experience. The contributors include world-leading figures in the field, all presenting new work rather than rehashing old ideas, as well as a number of promising junior scholars. A wide-ranging introduction connects the different chapters together, and provides essential background to the debates they take up. Technicality is kept to a minimum and philosophical and conceptual foundations take centre stage. Chance and Temporal Asymmetry sets the agenda for future work on time and chance, which are central to the emerging sub-field of metaphysics of science. It will be indispensable to graduate students and to specialists in metaphysics and philosophy of science.

Download or read Chance and Temporal Asymmetry book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Chance and Temporal Asymmetry presents a collection of cutting-edge research papers in the metaphysics of science, tackling the perplexing philosophical problems raised by recent progress in the physics and metaphysics of chance and time. How do the probabilities found in fundamental physics and the probabilities of the special sciences relate to one another? Can a constraint on the initial conditions of the universe underwrite the second law of thermodynamics? How does contemporary quantum theory reframe debates over the nature of chance? What grounds do we have for believing in a fundamental direction to time? And how do all these questions connect up? The aim of the volume is both to survey and summarize recent debates about chance and temporal asymmetry and to push them forward. Familiar approaches are subjected to searching new critiques, and bold new proposals are made concerning (inter alia) the semantics of chance-attributions, the justification of the Principal Principle connecting chance and degree of belief, and the source of the temporal asymmetry of human experience. The contributors include world-leading figures in the field, all presenting new work rather than rehashing old ideas, as well as a number of promising junior scholars. A wide-ranging introduction connects the different chapters together, and provides essential background to the debates they take up. Technicality is kept to a minimum and philosophical and conceptual foundations take centre stage. Chance and Temporal Asymmetry sets the agenda for future work on time and chance, which are central to the emerging sub-field of metaphysics of science. It will be indispensable to graduate students and to specialists in metaphysics and philosophy of science.


Presumed Innocent

Presumed Innocent [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Scott Turow
Editor: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN-10: 1429962607
Size: 1257 kb
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Presumed Innocent by Scott Turow Book Summary:

Presumed Innocent, the novel that launched Scott Turow's career as one of America's pre-eminent thriller writers tells the story of Rusty Sabicch, chief deputy prosecutor in a large Midwestern city. With three weeks to go in his boss' re-election campaign, a member of Rusty's staff is found murdered; he is charged with finding the killer, until his boss loses and, incredibly, Rusty finds himself accused of the murder. “This one will keep you up at nights, engrossed and charged with adrenaline.” —People

Download or read Presumed Innocent book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Presumed Innocent, the novel that launched Scott Turow's career as one of America's pre-eminent thriller writers tells the story of Rusty Sabicch, chief deputy prosecutor in a large Midwestern city. With three weeks to go in his boss' re-election campaign, a member of Rusty's staff is found murdered; he is charged with finding the killer, until his boss loses and, incredibly, Rusty finds himself accused of the murder. “This one will keep you up at nights, engrossed and charged with adrenaline.” —People


Chance, Character and Change

Chance, Character and Change [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: John Mattausch
Editor: Transaction Publishers
ISBN-10: 141281216X
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Chance, Character and Change by John Mattausch Book Summary:

Chance is real. Not only is it a cause of societal change, but we as individuals are chance-given characters who discover and build our character in chancy circumstances. Chance is also expressed as coincidence and contingency, expressions which have episodically been of undeniable historical importance. Mattausch asserts the conventional picture of societal change is incorrect. Societal change is not a linear succession with each phase of change replacing its predecessor. Instead, the process is one of accumulative change in which chance plays various roles. Chance, Character, and Change develops the idea of chance, situating it within the history of thought and social change. By focusing strictly on manifestations of chance and of luck that can be seen and explained, Mattausch is able to show how chance acts in the environment of evolution and the social practices that regulate the inheritance of knowledge and technology. This, in turn, steers societal change and how change itself occurs. Chance's role is often characterized as coincidence or contingency, and this automatically is seen as progressive or degenerate. However, Mattausch notes that accumulative change is potentially both progressive as well as decadent. Chance also plays a part in the social aspects of our world--customs, practices, cultures, societies, and politics. When we act, Mattausch argues, we do not distinguish between good and bad, but rather between determinism and chance; the latter is a test of character, not of free will. This theory is general in its assertions and application, and can be related to many areas of study from economic theory, to human behavior, to politics. The rich texture of the writing and vivid use of examples from daily life and the work of other major thinkers draw in the reader. The most striking aspect of this work is the author's writing style and the way he weaves together evidence, classic research, and contemporary thought. It is skillfully, effectively, beautifully done.

Download or read Chance, Character and Change book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Chance is real. Not only is it a cause of societal change, but we as individuals are chance-given characters who discover and build our character in chancy circumstances. Chance is also expressed as coincidence and contingency, expressions which have episodically been of undeniable historical importance. Mattausch asserts the conventional picture of societal change is incorrect. Societal change is not a linear succession with each phase of change replacing its predecessor. Instead, the process is one of accumulative change in which chance plays various roles. Chance, Character, and Change develops the idea of chance, situating it within the history of thought and social change. By focusing strictly on manifestations of chance and of luck that can be seen and explained, Mattausch is able to show how chance acts in the environment of evolution and the social practices that regulate the inheritance of knowledge and technology. This, in turn, steers societal change and how change itself occurs. Chance's role is often characterized as coincidence or contingency, and this automatically is seen as progressive or degenerate. However, Mattausch notes that accumulative change is potentially both progressive as well as decadent. Chance also plays a part in the social aspects of our world--customs, practices, cultures, societies, and politics. When we act, Mattausch argues, we do not distinguish between good and bad, but rather between determinism and chance; the latter is a test of character, not of free will. This theory is general in its assertions and application, and can be related to many areas of study from economic theory, to human behavior, to politics. The rich texture of the writing and vivid use of examples from daily life and the work of other major thinkers draw in the reader. The most striking aspect of this work is the author's writing style and the way he weaves together evidence, classic research, and contemporary thought. It is skillfully, effectively, beautifully done.


Half A Chance

Half A Chance [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frederic Stewart Isham
Editor: Good Press
ISBN-10:
Size: 443 kb
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Half A Chance by Frederic Stewart Isham Book Summary:

"Half A Chance" by Frederic Stewart Isham. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Download or read Half A Chance book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). "Half A Chance" by Frederic Stewart Isham. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.


If Babel Had a Form

If Babel Had a Form [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Tze-Yin Teo
Editor: Fordham University Press
ISBN-10: 1531500218
Size: 323 kb
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If Babel Had a Form by Tze-Yin Teo Book Summary:

“The likeness of form between Chinese and English sentences,” writes the American Sinologist Ernest Fenollosa around 1906, “renders translation from one to the other exceptionally easy.” If Babel Had a Form asks not if his claim may be true, but what its phantasmic surprise may yet do. In twentieth-century intersections of China and Asia with the United States, translations did more than communicate meaning across politicized and racializing differences of language and nation. Transpacific translation breached the regulative protocols that created those very differences of human value and cultural meaning. The result, Tze-Yin Teo argues, saw translators cleaving to the sounds and shapes of poetry to imagine a translingual “likeness of form” but not of meaning or kind. At stake in this form without meaning is a startling new task of equivalence. As a concept, equivalence has been rejected for its colonizing epistemology of value, naming a broken promise of translation and false premise of comparison. Yet the writers studied in this book veered from those ways of knowing to theorize a poetic equivalence: negating the colonial foundations of the concept, they ignited aporias of meaning into flashpoints for a radical literary translation. The book’s transpacific readings glean those forms of equivalence from the writing of Fenollosa, the vernacular experiments of Boxer Scholar Hu Shi, the trilingual musings of Shanghai-born Los Angeles novelist Eileen Chang, the minor work of the Bay Area Korean American transmedial artist Theresa Cha, and a post-Tiananmen elegy by the exiled dissident Yang Lian. The conclusion returns to the deconstructive genealogy of recent debates on translation and untranslatability, displacing the axiom of radical alterity for a no less radical equivalence that remains—pace Fenollosa—far from easy or exceptional. Ultimately, If Babel Had a Form illuminates the demanding force of even the slightest sameness entangled in the translator’s work of remaking our differences.

Download or read If Babel Had a Form book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). “The likeness of form between Chinese and English sentences,” writes the American Sinologist Ernest Fenollosa around 1906, “renders translation from one to the other exceptionally easy.” If Babel Had a Form asks not if his claim may be true, but what its phantasmic surprise may yet do. In twentieth-century intersections of China and Asia with the United States, translations did more than communicate meaning across politicized and racializing differences of language and nation. Transpacific translation breached the regulative protocols that created those very differences of human value and cultural meaning. The result, Tze-Yin Teo argues, saw translators cleaving to the sounds and shapes of poetry to imagine a translingual “likeness of form” but not of meaning or kind. At stake in this form without meaning is a startling new task of equivalence. As a concept, equivalence has been rejected for its colonizing epistemology of value, naming a broken promise of translation and false premise of comparison. Yet the writers studied in this book veered from those ways of knowing to theorize a poetic equivalence: negating the colonial foundations of the concept, they ignited aporias of meaning into flashpoints for a radical literary translation. The book’s transpacific readings glean those forms of equivalence from the writing of Fenollosa, the vernacular experiments of Boxer Scholar Hu Shi, the trilingual musings of Shanghai-born Los Angeles novelist Eileen Chang, the minor work of the Bay Area Korean American transmedial artist Theresa Cha, and a post-Tiananmen elegy by the exiled dissident Yang Lian. The conclusion returns to the deconstructive genealogy of recent debates on translation and untranslatability, displacing the axiom of radical alterity for a no less radical equivalence that remains—pace Fenollosa—far from easy or exceptional. Ultimately, If Babel Had a Form illuminates the demanding force of even the slightest sameness entangled in the translator’s work of remaking our differences.


The Supreme Court Review, 2012

The Supreme Court Review, 2012 [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Dennis J. Hutchinson,David A. Strauss,Geoffrey R. Stone
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN-10: 022605215X
Size: 1902 kb
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The Supreme Court Review, 2012 by Dennis J. Hutchinson,David A. Strauss,Geoffrey R. Stone Book Summary:

For fifty years, The Supreme Court Review has been lauded for providing authoritative discussion of the court's most significant decisions. The Review is an in-depth annual critique of the Supreme Court and its work, keeping up on the forefront of the origins, reforms, and interpretations of American law. Recent volumes have considered such issues as post-9/11 security, the 2000 presidential election, cross-burning, federalism and state sovereignty, failed Supreme Court nominations, and numerous First- and Fourth-Amendment cases.

Download or read The Supreme Court Review, 2012 book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). For fifty years, The Supreme Court Review has been lauded for providing authoritative discussion of the court's most significant decisions. The Review is an in-depth annual critique of the Supreme Court and its work, keeping up on the forefront of the origins, reforms, and interpretations of American law. Recent volumes have considered such issues as post-9/11 security, the 2000 presidential election, cross-burning, federalism and state sovereignty, failed Supreme Court nominations, and numerous First- and Fourth-Amendment cases.


Thomas Hardy: Art and Thought

Thomas Hardy: Art and Thought [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Frank B Pinion
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 1349157651
Size: 1783 kb
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Thomas Hardy: Art and Thought by Frank B Pinion Book Summary:

Download or read Thomas Hardy: Art and Thought book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).


Condorcet

Condorcet [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat marquis de Condorcet
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN-10: 9781781008119
Size: 631 kb
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Condorcet by Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat marquis de Condorcet Book Summary:

The Marquis de Condorcet (1743-94) was a founding father of social science. He believed that what he called the moral sciences could be studied by the same exacting methods as the natural sciences, and he developed many of the tools for doing so. Condorcet has had two quite unconnected reputations: as the doomed and foolish Enlightenment scholar, writing about the perfectibility of mankind while in hiding from the Terror that would shortly claim his own life; and as the incomprehensible founder of social choice, whose Essai of 1785 was not understood until the 1950s. This book shows that he was not so foolish, nor so incomprehensible, as even sympathetic treatments have made him sound.

Download or read Condorcet book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Marquis de Condorcet (1743-94) was a founding father of social science. He believed that what he called the moral sciences could be studied by the same exacting methods as the natural sciences, and he developed many of the tools for doing so. Condorcet has had two quite unconnected reputations: as the doomed and foolish Enlightenment scholar, writing about the perfectibility of mankind while in hiding from the Terror that would shortly claim his own life; and as the incomprehensible founder of social choice, whose Essai of 1785 was not understood until the 1950s. This book shows that he was not so foolish, nor so incomprehensible, as even sympathetic treatments have made him sound.


Theory of Sampling and Sampling Practice, Third Edition

Theory of Sampling and Sampling Practice, Third Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Francis F. Pitard
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN-10: 1351105922
Size: 972 kb
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Theory of Sampling and Sampling Practice, Third Edition by Francis F. Pitard Book Summary:

A step-by-step guide for anyone challenged by the many subtleties of sampling particulate materials. The only comprehensive document merging the famous works of P. Gy, I. Visman, and C.O. Ingamells into a single theory in a logical way - the most advanced book on sampling that can be used by all sampling practitioners around the world.

Download or read Theory of Sampling and Sampling Practice, Third Edition book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). A step-by-step guide for anyone challenged by the many subtleties of sampling particulate materials. The only comprehensive document merging the famous works of P. Gy, I. Visman, and C.O. Ingamells into a single theory in a logical way - the most advanced book on sampling that can be used by all sampling practitioners around the world.