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Gene Quantification

Gene Quantification [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author:
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 1461241642
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Gene Quantification by Book Summary:

Geneticists and molecular biologists have been interested in quantifying genes and their products for many years and for various reasons (Bishop, 1974). Early molecular methods were based on molecular hybridization, and were devised shortly after Marmur and Doty (1961) first showed that denaturation of the double helix could be reversed - that the process of molecular reassociation was exquisitely sequence dependent. Gillespie and Spiegelman (1965) developed a way of using the method to titrate the number of copies of a probe within a target sequence in which the target sequence was fixed to a membrane support prior to hybridization with the probe - typically a RNA. Thus, this was a precursor to many of the methods still in use, and indeed under development, today. Early examples of the application of these methods included the measurement of the copy numbers in gene families such as the ribosomal genes and the immunoglo bulin family. Amplification of genes in tumors and in response to drug treatment was discovered by this method. In the same period, methods were invented for estimating gene num bers based on the kinetics of the reassociation process - the so-called Cot analysis. This method, which exploits the dependence of the rate of reassociation on the concentration of the two strands, revealed the presence of repeated sequences in the DNA of higher eukaryotes (Britten and Kohne, 1968). An adaptation to RNA, Rot analysis (Melli and Bishop, 1969), was used to measure the abundance of RNAs in a mixed population.

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Real-time PCR

Real-time PCR [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: M Tevfik Dorak
Editor: Garland Science
ISBN-10: 0203967313
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Real-time PCR by M Tevfik Dorak Book Summary:

With a variety of detection chemistries, an increasing number of platforms, multiple choices for analytical methods and the jargon emerging along with these developments, real-time PCR is facing the risk of becoming an intimidating method, especially for beginners. Real-time PCR provides the basics, explains how they are exploited to run a real-time PCR assay, how the assays are run and where these assays are informative in real life. It addresses the most practical aspects of the techniques with the emphasis on 'how to do it in the laboratory'. Keeping with the spirit of the Advanced Methods Series, most chapters provide an experimental protocol as an example of a specific assay.

Download or read Real-time PCR book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). With a variety of detection chemistries, an increasing number of platforms, multiple choices for analytical methods and the jargon emerging along with these developments, real-time PCR is facing the risk of becoming an intimidating method, especially for beginners. Real-time PCR provides the basics, explains how they are exploited to run a real-time PCR assay, how the assays are run and where these assays are informative in real life. It addresses the most practical aspects of the techniques with the emphasis on 'how to do it in the laboratory'. Keeping with the spirit of the Advanced Methods Series, most chapters provide an experimental protocol as an example of a specific assay.


Principles and Technical Aspects of PCR Amplification

Principles and Technical Aspects of PCR Amplification [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Elizabeth van Pelt-Verkuil,Alex van Belkum,John P. Hays
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 1402062419
Size: 1868 kb
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Principles and Technical Aspects of PCR Amplification by Elizabeth van Pelt-Verkuil,Alex van Belkum,John P. Hays Book Summary:

Kary Mullis was awarded a Nobel Prize for inventing the PCR technique more than a decade ago in 1993. Since its "discovery", multiple adaptations and variations of the standard PCR technique have been described. This publication aims to provide the reader with a guide to the standard PCR technique and its many available variants, with particular emphasis being placed on the role of these PCR techniques in the clinical diagnostic laboratory (the central theme of this book).

Download or read Principles and Technical Aspects of PCR Amplification book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Kary Mullis was awarded a Nobel Prize for inventing the PCR technique more than a decade ago in 1993. Since its "discovery", multiple adaptations and variations of the standard PCR technique have been described. This publication aims to provide the reader with a guide to the standard PCR technique and its many available variants, with particular emphasis being placed on the role of these PCR techniques in the clinical diagnostic laboratory (the central theme of this book).


The Polymerase Chain Reaction

The Polymerase Chain Reaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Kary B. Mullis,Francois Ferre,Richard A. Gibbs
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 1461202574
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The Polymerase Chain Reaction by Kary B. Mullis,Francois Ferre,Richard A. Gibbs Book Summary:

James D. Watson When, in late March of 1953, Francis Crick and I came to write the first Nature paper describing the double helical structure of the DNA molecule, Francis had wanted to include a lengthy discussion of the genetic implications of a molecule whose struc ture we had divined from a minimum of experimental data and on theoretical argu ments based on physical principles. But I felt that this might be tempting fate, given that we had not yet seen the detailed evidence from King's College. Nevertheless, we reached a compromise and decided to include a sentence that pointed to the biological significance of the molecule's key feature-the complementary pairing of the bases. "It has not escaped our notice," Francis wrote, "that the specific pairing that we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material." By May, when we were writing the second Nature paper, I was more confident that the proposed structure was at the very least substantially correct, so that this second paper contains a discussion of molecular self-duplication using templates or molds. We pointed out that, as a consequence of base pairing, a DNA molecule has two chains that are complementary to each other. Each chain could then act ". . . as a template for the formation on itself of a new companion chain, so that eventually we shall have two pairs of chains, where we only had one before" and, moreover, " ...

Download or read The Polymerase Chain Reaction book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). James D. Watson When, in late March of 1953, Francis Crick and I came to write the first Nature paper describing the double helical structure of the DNA molecule, Francis had wanted to include a lengthy discussion of the genetic implications of a molecule whose struc ture we had divined from a minimum of experimental data and on theoretical argu ments based on physical principles. But I felt that this might be tempting fate, given that we had not yet seen the detailed evidence from King's College. Nevertheless, we reached a compromise and decided to include a sentence that pointed to the biological significance of the molecule's key feature-the complementary pairing of the bases. "It has not escaped our notice," Francis wrote, "that the specific pairing that we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material." By May, when we were writing the second Nature paper, I was more confident that the proposed structure was at the very least substantially correct, so that this second paper contains a discussion of molecular self-duplication using templates or molds. We pointed out that, as a consequence of base pairing, a DNA molecule has two chains that are complementary to each other. Each chain could then act ". . . as a template for the formation on itself of a new companion chain, so that eventually we shall have two pairs of chains, where we only had one before" and, moreover, " ...


Rapid Cycle Real-Time PCR — Methods and Applications

Rapid Cycle Real-Time PCR — Methods and Applications [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: W. Dietmaier,C. Wittwer,N. Sivasubramanian
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-10: 3642593976
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Rapid Cycle Real-Time PCR — Methods and Applications by W. Dietmaier,C. Wittwer,N. Sivasubramanian Book Summary:

Rapid-Cycle Real-Time PCR is a powerful technique for nucleic acid amplification and analysis that often requires less than half an hour to perform. Samples are amplified by rapid-cycle PCR followed by immediate melting curve analysis in the same instrument. Melting curve analysis of PCR products with SYBR Green I often allows product identification without gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, in the presence of fluorescent hybridization probes, melting curves provide "dynamic dot blots" for fine sequence analysis, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The method is often cited as the most versatile, efficient method for nucleic acid analysis in research and diagnostics in the fields of genetics and oncology. Molecular diagnostics has never been easier!

Download or read Rapid Cycle Real-Time PCR — Methods and Applications book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Rapid-Cycle Real-Time PCR is a powerful technique for nucleic acid amplification and analysis that often requires less than half an hour to perform. Samples are amplified by rapid-cycle PCR followed by immediate melting curve analysis in the same instrument. Melting curve analysis of PCR products with SYBR Green I often allows product identification without gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, in the presence of fluorescent hybridization probes, melting curves provide "dynamic dot blots" for fine sequence analysis, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The method is often cited as the most versatile, efficient method for nucleic acid analysis in research and diagnostics in the fields of genetics and oncology. Molecular diagnostics has never been easier!


Molecular Epidemiology

Molecular Epidemiology [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Paul A. Schulte,Frederica P. Perera
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN-10: 0323138578
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Molecular Epidemiology by Paul A. Schulte,Frederica P. Perera Book Summary:

This book will serve as a primer for both laboratory and field scientists who are shaping the emerging field of molecular epidemiology. Molecular epidemiology utilizes the same paradigm as traditional epidemiology but uses biological markers to identify exposure, disease or susceptibility. Schulte and Perera present the epidemiologic methods pertinent to biological markers. The book is also designed to enumerate the considerations necessary for valid field research and provide a resource on the salient and subtle features of biological indicators.

Download or read Molecular Epidemiology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This book will serve as a primer for both laboratory and field scientists who are shaping the emerging field of molecular epidemiology. Molecular epidemiology utilizes the same paradigm as traditional epidemiology but uses biological markers to identify exposure, disease or susceptibility. Schulte and Perera present the epidemiologic methods pertinent to biological markers. The book is also designed to enumerate the considerations necessary for valid field research and provide a resource on the salient and subtle features of biological indicators.


The Pangenome

The Pangenome [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Hervé Tettelin
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN-10: 3030382818
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The Pangenome by Hervé Tettelin Book Summary:

This open access book offers the first comprehensive account of the pan-genome concept and its manifold implications. The realization that the genetic repertoire of a biological species always encompasses more than the genome of each individual is one of the earliest examples of big data in biology that opened biology to the unbounded. The study of genetic variation observed within a species challenges existing views and has profound consequences for our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underpinning bacterial biology and evolution. The underlying rationale extends well beyond the initial prokaryotic focus to all kingdoms of life and evolves into similar concepts for metagenomes, phenomes and epigenomes. The books respective chapters address a range of topics, from the serendipitous emergence of the pan-genome concept and its impacts on the fields of microbiology, vaccinology and antimicrobial resistance, to the study of microbial communities, bioinformatic applications and mathematical models that tie in with complex systems and economic theory. Given its scope, the book will appeal to a broad readership interested in population dynamics, evolutionary biology and genomics.

Download or read The Pangenome book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). This open access book offers the first comprehensive account of the pan-genome concept and its manifold implications. The realization that the genetic repertoire of a biological species always encompasses more than the genome of each individual is one of the earliest examples of big data in biology that opened biology to the unbounded. The study of genetic variation observed within a species challenges existing views and has profound consequences for our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underpinning bacterial biology and evolution. The underlying rationale extends well beyond the initial prokaryotic focus to all kingdoms of life and evolves into similar concepts for metagenomes, phenomes and epigenomes. The books respective chapters address a range of topics, from the serendipitous emergence of the pan-genome concept and its impacts on the fields of microbiology, vaccinology and antimicrobial resistance, to the study of microbial communities, bioinformatic applications and mathematical models that tie in with complex systems and economic theory. Given its scope, the book will appeal to a broad readership interested in population dynamics, evolutionary biology and genomics.


The Evolution of the Immune System

The Evolution of the Immune System [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Davide Malagoli
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN-10: 012802013X
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The Evolution of the Immune System by Davide Malagoli Book Summary:

The Evolution of the Immune System: Conservation and Diversification is the first book of its kind that prompts a new perspective when describing and considering the evolution of the immune system. Its unique approach summarizes, updates, and provides new insights on the different immune receptors, soluble factors, and immune cell effectors. Helps the reader gain a modern idea of the evolution of the immune systems in pluricellular organisms Provides a complete overview of the most studied and hot topics in comparative and evolutionary immunology Reflects the organisation of the immune system (cell-based, humoral [innate], humoral [adaptive]) without introducing further and misleading levels of organization Brings concepts and ideas on the evolution of the immune system to a wide readership

Download or read The Evolution of the Immune System book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Evolution of the Immune System: Conservation and Diversification is the first book of its kind that prompts a new perspective when describing and considering the evolution of the immune system. Its unique approach summarizes, updates, and provides new insights on the different immune receptors, soluble factors, and immune cell effectors. Helps the reader gain a modern idea of the evolution of the immune systems in pluricellular organisms Provides a complete overview of the most studied and hot topics in comparative and evolutionary immunology Reflects the organisation of the immune system (cell-based, humoral [innate], humoral [adaptive]) without introducing further and misleading levels of organization Brings concepts and ideas on the evolution of the immune system to a wide readership


The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Michele Walters,Robert J. Scholes
Editor: Springer
ISBN-10: 3319272888
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The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks by Michele Walters,Robert J. Scholes Book Summary:

Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled from the elements which are already present. This book intends to provide practical guidance to broadly-defined biodiversity observation networks at all scales, but predominantly the national scale and higher. This is a practical how-to book with substantial policy relevance. It will mostly be used by technical specialists with a responsibility for biodiversity monitoring to establish and refine their systems. It is written at a technical level, but one that is not discipline-bound: it should be intelligible to anyone in the broad field with a tertiary education.

Download or read The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled from the elements which are already present. This book intends to provide practical guidance to broadly-defined biodiversity observation networks at all scales, but predominantly the national scale and higher. This is a practical how-to book with substantial policy relevance. It will mostly be used by technical specialists with a responsibility for biodiversity monitoring to establish and refine their systems. It is written at a technical level, but one that is not discipline-bound: it should be intelligible to anyone in the broad field with a tertiary education.


Dorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations E-Book

Dorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations E-Book [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Dorland
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN-10: 0323442544
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Dorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations E-Book by Dorland Book Summary:

Medical acronyms and abbreviations offer convenience, but those countless shortcuts can often be confusing. Now a part of the popular Dorland’s suite of products, this reference features thousands of terms from across various medical specialties. Its alphabetical arrangement makes for quick reference, and expanded coverage of symbols ensures they are easier to find. Effective communication plays an important role in all medical settings, so turn to this trusted volume for nearly any medical abbreviation you might encounter. Symbols section makes it easier to locate unusual or seldom-used symbols. Convenient alphabetical format allows you to find the entry you need more intuitively. More than 90,000 entries and definitions. Many new and updated entries including terminology in expanding specialties, such as Nursing; Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapies; Transcription and Coding; Computer and Technical Fields. New section on abbreviations to avoid, including Joint Commission abbreviations that are not to be used. Incorporates updates suggested by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP).

Download or read Dorland's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations E-Book book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). Medical acronyms and abbreviations offer convenience, but those countless shortcuts can often be confusing. Now a part of the popular Dorland’s suite of products, this reference features thousands of terms from across various medical specialties. Its alphabetical arrangement makes for quick reference, and expanded coverage of symbols ensures they are easier to find. Effective communication plays an important role in all medical settings, so turn to this trusted volume for nearly any medical abbreviation you might encounter. Symbols section makes it easier to locate unusual or seldom-used symbols. Convenient alphabetical format allows you to find the entry you need more intuitively. More than 90,000 entries and definitions. Many new and updated entries including terminology in expanding specialties, such as Nursing; Physical, Occupational, and Speech Therapies; Transcription and Coding; Computer and Technical Fields. New section on abbreviations to avoid, including Joint Commission abbreviations that are not to be used. Incorporates updates suggested by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP).


The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents

The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents [Pdf/ePub] eBook Author: Mark A. Suckow,Karla A. Stevens,Ronald P. Wilson
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN-10: 0123809215
Size: 1263 kb
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The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents by Mark A. Suckow,Karla A. Stevens,Ronald P. Wilson Book Summary:

The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents is a single volume, comprehensive book sanctioned by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), covering the rabbit, guinea pig, hamster, gerbil and other rodents often used in research. This well-illustrated reference won a 2012 PROSE Award for Best Single Volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers. The book includes basic biology, anatomy, physiology, behavior, infectious and noninfectious diseases, husbandry and breeding, common experimental methods, and use of the species as a research model. With many expert contributors, this will be an extremely valuable publication for biomedical researchers, laboratory animal veterinarians and other professionals engaged in laboratory animal science. 2012 PROSE Award winner for Best Single Volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers One-stop resource for advancements in the humane and responsible care of: rabbit, guinea pig, hamster, gerbil, chinchilla, deer mouse, kangaroo rat, cotton rat, sand rat, and degu Includes up-to-date, common experimental methods Organized by species for easy access during bench research

Download or read The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc). The Laboratory Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Hamster, and Other Rodents is a single volume, comprehensive book sanctioned by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), covering the rabbit, guinea pig, hamster, gerbil and other rodents often used in research. This well-illustrated reference won a 2012 PROSE Award for Best Single Volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers. The book includes basic biology, anatomy, physiology, behavior, infectious and noninfectious diseases, husbandry and breeding, common experimental methods, and use of the species as a research model. With many expert contributors, this will be an extremely valuable publication for biomedical researchers, laboratory animal veterinarians and other professionals engaged in laboratory animal science. 2012 PROSE Award winner for Best Single Volume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers One-stop resource for advancements in the humane and responsible care of: rabbit, guinea pig, hamster, gerbil, chinchilla, deer mouse, kangaroo rat, cotton rat, sand rat, and degu Includes up-to-date, common experimental methods Organized by species for easy access during bench research